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Cornelius Warren ("Chip") Grafton (June 16, 1909January 1, 1982) was an American crime novelist. He was born and raised in China, where his parents were working as missionaries. He was educated in Clinton, South Carolina, studying law and journalism, and became a municipal bond attorney in Louisville, Kentucky.

The hero of his first two mystery novels (The Rat Began to Gnaw the Rope and The Rope Began to Hang the Butcher) was a lawyer named Gilmore Henry. Using the first two lines of a nursery rhyme as the titles of his first two novels suggested that other Gilmore Henry novels would follow, but none did. (A partial manuscript of a third novel, The Butcher Began to Kill the Ox, is known to exist.) Henry did not appear in Grafton's two subsequent novels.

In World War II, Grafton served with distinction as a military deception officer in the India-Burma theater. Grafton was married to Vivian Harnsberger, and they had two daughters, Sue and Ann. Sue Grafton (1940-2017) was also a writer and is famous for her "Alphabet Series" of crime novels. C. W. Grafton died on January 1, 1982, at the age of 72. Only four months later, Sue published the first book of the series.

C. W. Grafton's law partner, Spencer Harper Jr., named his younger son Grafton Sharpe Harper after him.

Grafton is buried in Zachary Taylor National Cemetery in Louisville, Kentucky.